Friday, 18 May 2012

Tutorial Eight

Tutorial Eight: Assistive Technology

“Assistive Technology: technological inventions (devices) designed to enable active engagement or participation on occupations through energy conservation, accommodation for diverse physical abilities, or compensation for functional limitations or disability” (Christensen & Townsend, 2010, p. 417). Assistive technology is the name given to an item or device which improves a person’s functional and abilities.

This week we were fortunate to have Trev from Star Mobility Hamilton come and speak to us and he brought with him some amazing pieces of assistive technology for us to play with and ask questions about.
One piece of equipment introduced in the assistive technology tutorial was a talking photo album. They come in a variety of sizes but the most common sizes are A3-A4, cost ranging from between $80-$120 depending on size.

This device increases the occupational engagement for the user by providing them with instruction or description for what the photo in the album is about. These are ideal for people with memory loss or blindness.

Talking Photo Albums with 200 minutes of recording time and unique SD Card Memory. Bring your memories back to life by adding a new dimension to your photographs. Ad voice, music and sound effects.
They make them for the kiddies too!

Here is a local NZ website with more information and specifications:

Christiansen, C.H. & Townsend, E. A. (2010). Introduction to occupation: The art and science of living      (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson.

Tutorial Seven

Tutorial Seven: Linking to blogs of interest and exchanging comments

Struggled a lot with this one! No idea what a 'blog feed' is, but I found a bunch of interesting OT related blogs (some of which are educators we know) and some class mates. I am now 'following' them all.

Happy stalking :)

Tutorial Six

Tutorial Six: The internet and online communities

A topic of interest drawn from my fieldwork experiences is conversion disorder. I will search online for 3 communities relating to conversion disorder and comment on each of them.
Brief description of each online community:

·         The purpose of this site is an anonymous support group providing information on diagnosis, treatment, symptoms and personal stories and experiences of conversion disorder. This site is relatively interactive, lots of stories, a lot of view and many comments on each story. People can share their own personal stories or comment and give advice to others’ stories. They contribute real life experiences and stories for others to relate to.

·         The intended purpose for this site is for people with conversion disorder to share advice and experiences with other people with conversion disorder. To let people know they are not alone. This site appears to be less interactive than the above site. People can contribute by replying to others posts. You must log in or register to the website to do this. They contribute by offering help and advice and sharing ideas.

·         The purpose of this site is to share ideas and information about how to cope with conversion disorder. There are posts as recent as just over 1 week ago, so I would say it is moderately interactive. Again, you need to register and log in to make a comment. People share advice and support.

People choose to contribute to each of these communities because they are seeking help or advice from people who can relate to their circumstances, or they are providing advice and support to people who are coming to terms with their condition. Information is shared reciprocally in all 3 of the above communities.

Occupational disruption is the term used to describe a transient or temporary condition of being restricted from participation in necessary or meaningful occupations, such as that caused by illness, temporary relocation, or temporary unemployment (Christiansen & Townsend, 2010). Conversion disorder appears to be only a temporary condition which appears as a result of a specific stressor, and usually goes away when the stressor is no longer present.

Occupational deprivation refers to a state of prolonged preclusion from engagement in occupations of necessity or meaning due to factors outside of an individual, such as through geographic isolation, incarceration, or disability (Christiansen & Townsend, 2010). Conversion disorder is a disability that affects it’s sufferers in different ways ranging from blindness to paralysis to inability to speak or swallow.

Potential ethical issues that may arise:
  • ·        public forums mean that any person can contribute information
  • ·         bad/inappropriate advice
  • ·         harassment
  • ·         lack of identity

In contrast to geographical communities, online communities provide the opportunity for people to receive outside advice from different areas of the world. People can gain insight and learn new ideas that are unique to different cultures and geographic communities and these ideas are shared on a public forum. To be easily accessed. Online communities create larger communities.

Christiansen, C.H. & Townsend, E. A. (2010). Introduction to occupation: The art and science of living (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson.

Tuesday, 6 March 2012

Tutorial Five

Tutorial Five: Video Production Sessions

Introduce a chosen topic of interest drawn from your fieldwork experience or an OT practice area

A topic of interest I have come across on my fieldwork experiences is a condition called Conversion Disorder.

“Conversion disorder is a condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation” (PubMed Health, 2010). Put simply, a person with conversion disorder experiences physical symptoms with no physiological or neurological reason.
Retrieved 1 May 2012 from

Below are five videos explaining, demonstrating and providing a personal experience of conversion disorder:

Jennifer McVige is a paediatric neurologist describes conversion disorder as psychological symptoms manifesting themselves in a physiological form.

Descriptive slide
A slideshow introducing what conversion disorder is, including symptoms and risk factors.

Psych conversion disorder case
Describing the stressor of conversion disorder, also known as somatoform disorder.

Dr James Amos (has blog)
Psychiatrist discussing somatoform disorders (conversion disorder). Below is a link to this Doctor’s blog.

Danielle’s journey with conversion disorder
Journey of a girl with conversion disorder and her personal experience.

Tutorial Four

Tutorial Four: Video Production Sessions

This week I was part of a small group who planned and produced a short 1 minute length film. The film was based on the concept occupational deprivation.

 Occupational Deprivation: A term credited to Wilcock and Whiteford (2000) referring to a state of prolonged preclusion from engagement in occupations of necessity or meaning due to factors outside the control of an individual, such as through geographic isolation, incarceration, or disability.
Planning (storyboarding and scripting) aided the production of our group’s film by providing structure and sequences which assisted us to keep within the 1 minute time frame.

Thank you to the participants Dave, Gareth, Brad and Penelope (Pip) for all their contributions to make this film happen.

Christiansen, C. H., & Townsend, E. A. (2010). Introduction to occupation: The art and science of               living (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson.

Tutorial Three

The creation of my Blog. Ta-da!

Tutorial Two

Participation in occupation tut 2
View more PowerPoint from Pippywhip

Tutorial Two: Occupational Engagement, Doing, Being, Becoming and Belonging

My chosen occupation is play. My first fieldwork placement was in an urban pediatric rehabilitation centre and the primary occupation for children is play. I observed children play from a variety of cultures, from various parts of the country and a range of different age groups. I was involved in assessing children’s play skills and assisted in development of these skills, problem solving skills and participation in every day occupations and a variety of forms of play according to the age group of the children.

To Do: The concept of doing includes purposeful, goal-orientated activities (Hammell, 1998).

To Be: Being has been defined as time taken to reflect, be introspective or meditative, (re) discover the self, savour the moment, and appreciate nature, art or music in a contemplative manner and to enjoy being with special people (Hammell, 1998). It involves the realms of meaning and value (Rowles, 1991).

To Become:  Becoming describes the idea that people can envision future selves and possible lives, explore new opportunities and harbour ideas about who or what they wish to become over the course of their biographies and how their lives might be experienced as worthwhile (Hammell, 1988; 2003).

To Belong: The term belonging describes the necessary contribution of social interaction, mutual support and friendship, and the sense of being included, to occupational performance and life satisfaction (Rebeiro et al, 2001).

Examples of ethical considerations in relation to chosen images

  • Use of own personal photographs. 
  • Informed consent – gained informed consent to use photographs of my niece and nephew participating in Doing, Being, Becoming, and Belonging activities. I ensured there were no direct face photos for their privacy.
  • Authenticity of online sources – providing URL and date for images retrieved from online sources. E.g. Google.

Hammell, K. W. (2004). Dimensions of meaning in the occupations of daily life. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy , 296-305.

Hammell, K. W. (1998). From the neck up: Quality in life following high spinal cord injury. Vancouver, BC: The University of British Columbia, Unpublished doctoral dissertation.

Hammell, K. W. (2003). Intrinsicality: Reflections on meanings and mandates. In M.A. McColl (Ed.), Spirituality and occupational therapy (pp.67-82). Ottawa, ON: CAOT Publications ACE.

Rebeiro, K. L., Day, D., Semeniuk, B., O'Brien, M., & Wilson, B. (2001). Northern initiative for social action: An occupation-based mental health program. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 55, 493-500.

Rowles, G.D. (1991). Beyond performance: Being in place as a component of occupational therapy. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 25, 265-271.